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History of Gay Pride and CSD - Geschichte der Gay Pride und CSD Demonstrationen © Coupleofmen.com

History of LGBTQ+ Pride: 50+ Years of Stonewall, NYC

Exuberant people celebrating on the street, colorful costumes, kisses and holding hands and above all the rainbow flag blows. This is what it looks like in the meantime when Gay Pride (also known as CSD in Germany) is celebrated in the big cities of Europe and all around the world. However, it has not always been that easy for the LGBTQ+ community to live out and celebrate their love, affection, and identity. Until then, it was a long and certainly not an easy journey (although the fight for equality isn’t over yet either).

On the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Stonewall Inn uprising in New York City marking the beginning of the LGBTQ+ rights movement, this article on Couple of Men summarizes the CSD, Gay, and LGBTQ+ Pride History. Learn how it all started in New York City, LGBTQ+ Activists continued to fights and how June became Pride Month – Happy Gay Pride Everyone!


Text by Sarah Tekath
Translated by Karl Krause



How it all began – Gaybar Stonewall Inn

It is no coincidence that World Pride, which takes place in New York City in June 2019, is nicknamed Stonewall 50 because half a century ago, events at the Stonewall Inn sparked off the political LGBTQ+ movement. Already in the 1960s, the first homophile rallies took place in the US American city and gay bars were opened, such as the Stonewall Inn on Christopher Street in Greenwich Village, New York City.



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Ein Beitrag geteilt von The Stonewall Inn (Official) (@thestonewallinn) am



Regular raids with arrests

However, especially the latter was under close scrutiny and there were regular raids, which went along with the inclusion of the personal details and insults of the queer guests. Usually, these police operations at the local gay and queer venues were peaceful, with some arrests of the staff and temporary closures of the bars, but only until a memorable night in mid-end June 1969. At that time, many gay, queer men and drag queens refused to leave the scene, ignored referrals and resisted their arrest.



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Ein Beitrag geteilt von NYC LGBT HistoricSites Project (@nyclgbtsites) am


LGBTQ+ Activists Gay LGBTQ+ Aktivisten: Top 10 der LGBTQ+Bewegung, die Geschichte geschrieben haben

Gay & LGBTQ+ Activists of the LGBTQ+ Movement

LGBTQ+ & Gay Activists

These 10 people have made history for the LGBTQ+ Movement. The path in the right direction always starts with a first step usually taken by very brave people who disagree with the given circumstances. The fight of the LGBTQ+ community for equality, tolerance, and acceptance began with very small steps.


The Stonewall Riots

This resulted in the night of 27./28. June 1969 Stonewall uprising, which continued intermittently until July 3. The event is commonly known as the beginning of the lesbian and gay movement. Already the following month, the first Gay March was organized by the Washington Monument to the Stonewall Inn. One year later, the first Gay Pride Marches took place in New York City and other US American cities. The Stonewall Riots marked the beginning of the 50-years history of Gay Pride and CSD demonstrations from the USA to Europe all the way around the world.



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Ein Beitrag geteilt von Sydney Pride (@sydneypride) am



First LGBT demonstrations in Europe

The first demonstration of the LGBTQ + community in Europe took place in November 1970 in London, with 70 participants holding a torchlight procession. Two years later, the term Gay Pride March was first used when about 2,000 people moved through Oxford Street to Hyde Park. The first demonstration in Germany took place only a few years later on April 29, 1972, in Münster. Later, the first demonstrations of Christopher Street Day followed on June 30, 1979, in the cities of Bremen, Berlin, Cologne, and Stuttgart under the motto Gay Pride. In Switzerland, the first gay pride march took place in June 1978 in Zurich, in Paris even later in 1981.



The EuroPride and WorldPride

Meanwhile, Gay Prides are regularly organized in all major cities in Europe and worldwide. In 2008, Gay Pride in Amsterdam was voted the best Gay Pride in Europe. The Gay Pride Istanbul is, according to Wikipedia, with 100,000 participants, the largest gay march of pride in all of Eastern Europe. Since 1991, the title of Europride has been awarded annually to a city. For the first time, the LGBTQ + community celebrated the event in 1992 in London. After Stockholm last year, the next EuroPrides 2019 will take place in Vienna and 2020 in Thessaloniki, Greece. The license of Worldpride is awarded at irregular intervals by the organization InterPride. The next WorldPride is scheduled for June 2019 in New York City and WorldPride 2021 in Copenhagen, Denmark together with Malmö in Sweden.



Best LGBTQ+ and Gay Travel Bloggers © Coupleofmen.com

Best LGBTQ+ Travel Bloggers © Coupleofmen.com

LGBTQ+ Activists of Today

By sharing their experience on their blogs and social media channels, these gay travel bloggers and LGBTQ+ influencers are trying to make not only your vacation planning much easier. They also bring support (local) LGBTQ+ businesses being a modern version of past LGBTQ+ activists. Take a closer look and follow along!


Counter-demonstrations, protests & preventions of LGBTQ+ marches

As more and more cities and countries took the opportunity to celebrate diversity and tolerance, there were also local conflicts in LGBTQ + community marches. For example, the first queer parade in Brno, Czech Republic, was attacked with tear gas. In Russia, members of the LGBTQ + community are currently still denied the right to demonstrate, and in acts of violence against gays and lesbians, the motive of fear of homosexuality still acts as a deterrent. Counter-demonstrations and protests at Gay Prides are often carried out by conservative religious groups and right-wing extremists.

For example, the first Riga Pride in 2005 could only take place under massive police protection. The following year, the event was banned due to security concerns. The Gay Pride in Tallinn also had to be stopped in 2007 after massive attacks on the demonstrators and then banned. In 2017, Karl took part in the then annual Baltic Pride Gay Pride in Tallinn and was pleased to see significant improvements after the 10-year Pride break in Estonia. Violent riots also occurred at World Pride in Jerusalem in 2005.


Gay Pride History Gay Pride Geschichte von CSD Demonstrationen und Aufständen 1969 - 2019

History of Gay Pride and CSD Demonstrations



Continue the LGBTQ+ legacy of the Stonewall Inn

Despite and perhaps because of conservative legislation, discrimination, and persecution in far too many countries around the world, Stonewall 50 / World Pride NYC took place in 2020 to signal for understanding, acceptance, and tolerance to continue what it did 50 years ago at Stonewall Inn. You can find information on our PRIDE and the LGBTQ+ rights movement page! Happy Pride to the World!


Bringing the rainbow to the world! © Coupleofmen.com

Bringing the rainbow to the world! © Coupleofmen.com



Write your own Gay Pride History


More about Sarah

The first woman behind Couple of Men. My name is Sarah and I was born in Germany. So far I have lived and worked in the Czech Republic, Spain, and the Netherlands. Currently, I am working in Amsterdam. I am a journalist and in 2016, I decided to become freelancer. I enjoy writing about topics that I consider important, like human rights, women’s rights, LGBTQ+ rights, and politics, and I hope my articles will raise some more awareness of global injustice. I follow my passion for traveling, I love to read and to make music. And the best part is that I can choose to turn into a digital nomad for a while whenever I feel like it. So my article might come from a sunny beach in Argentina.


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Photo Source: Instagram | Mick De Paola
Info Source: Blick | TheStoneWallInn | Wikipedia | Theodysseyonline | HRC | Metrosource

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